evaluating social work interventions

%PDF-1.5 Evaluation researchers pursue specific knowledge, intervention researchers pursue generalizable knowledge. Social work professionals work with clients or client systems to achieve specific change goals and objectives. Social workers are expected to evaluate policies, programs, and practice interventions, as well as facilitate research that contributes to the development of knowledge. While cost savings were realized by taxpayers, complicating the picture was the fact that the budget where gains were situated (criminal justice) is separate from the budget where the costs were incurred (mental health system). In Chapter 2 we looked at evidence-informed practice decisions. The goals, objectives, and methods of evaluation research and intervention research often appear to be very similar. -�d����Y� Here is a description of four major forms of evaluation research: needs assessment, outcome evaluation, process evaluation, and cost-effectiveness evaluation. Over the last several decades social work practice has evolved considerably. Figure 3-1. A framework for understanding different approaches to evaluation is helpful, beginning with the nature of the evaluation research questions and exploring how these relate to different forms or approaches to evaluation. The intervention’s cost-effectiveness was greatest when offenses were at the level of a felony and for individuals with severe psychiatric disorders. Overall, the “decrease in jail expenditures mostly offset the cost of the treatment services” (Psychiatric Times, 2007, p. 1)—another significant outcome. Differences begin with the nature of the research questions being asked. Evaluation of Practice (Points – Refer to last section of this document) Social work has historically focused primarily on the delivery of services. For example, despite child welfare caseworkers’ recognition of the critically important role in child development for early identification of young children’s mental health problems and needs, they also encounter difficulties that present significant barriers to effectively doing so (Hoffman et al., 2016). Policy evaluation data are based on intervention effects experienced by many individuals, neighborhoods, communities, or programs/institutions taken together, not tracking what happens with one client system or a single program at a time. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> As standards of social work practice and the increased recognition of the field of social work in the mental health profession continue to gain <> By now you recognize that research designs and methodologies are driven by the nature of t… Process evaluation is less concerned with questions about outcomes than with questions about how an intervention or program is implemented. 151 0 obj <>stream Throughout the remainder of our course Research and Statistics for Understanding Social Work Interventionwe examine methods for evaluating intervention efforts. Needs assessment is often concerned with the discrepancy between what is needed and what is accessed in services, not only what is offered. However, as the social work field evolved and became “legitimized” as a profession and an academic discipline, … Policy evaluation has a lot in common with program evaluation, because policy is a form of intervention. In short, social work professionals engage in evaluation of practice as an accountability issue. The generalist intervention model is a multilevel approach that allows social workers to work within a variety of environments, whether it be on a micro, mezzo, or macro level. Figure 3-1 depicts the differences in approach, methodology, analysis, and reporting between evaluation and intervention research (LaVelle, 2010). Conflict Theory. You also learned about the nature of evaluation questions and how these relate to evaluation research—an extension of what you learned in the prior course concerning the relationship between research questions and research approaches. A framework for understanding different approaches to evaluation is helpful, beginning with the nature of the evaluation research questions and exploring how these relate to different forms or approaches to evaluation. �J�BS�]��������~���w��������������J�$ ��޾I��K�2��4ʸ��"�~�A?-����8�Ǐ�߾���k�L�?�U����Z���r���$^>��lч�b�6�1vc�-�pP@�l�N�L�Wa���F-- �|���ÂW�V������g��]�$�o�>��1�\K��y���n{��������I�萕U�T6� �����_��E�ġk�kQQrb9͍$�3gb'�Sg�?�a�� �"�3^� endobj In this chapter, we introduce information about evaluating practice, what other disciplines call data-based or data-driven decision making: using data and evaluation research methods to make social work practice accountable and to inform practice improvement efforts. endstream endobj 125 0 obj <. Module 1 Chapter 2: What is Evidence-Based Practice? Evaluating the outcomes of interventions also happens at the aggregate level of programs. Where they detect sizeable gaps between need and services provided, social workers can develop targeted responses. h�bbd``b`�$��m ��$��@��x"� �7H�.������$B���J&Fn���h�?c�w� ku$ For example, communities may gather a great deal of evaluation data about the impact on drug overdose deaths related to policies supporting first-responders, family members, friends, and bystanders being able to deliver opioid overdose reversal medications (naloxone) when first encountering someone suspected of experiencing opioid overdose. <>>> Are there unintended negative consequences associated with the intervention? Needs assessment. Evaluation of social work practice is a fundamental aspect of providing social care and delivering services to society members. For example, social workers might wish to evaluate the extent to which child health goals (outcomes) were achieved with an intervention program for empowering parents to eliminate their young children’s exposure to third-hand smoke. “As an antidote to opioid overdoses, naloxone has proven to be a valuable tool in combating overdose deaths and associated morbidity” (Kerensky & Walley, 2017, p. 6). Previous research in this area has concluded that even though social workers receive evaluation training, it remains under-utilized in practice. 0 140 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<2BA7646C69943A4DBF04204D97F8811A><0A8AACB3C5113E4A8B649B0B817FF3B9>]/Index[124 28]/Info 123 0 R/Length 81/Prev 25979/Root 125 0 R/Size 152/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream In a cost-effectiveness evaluation study of Mental Health Courts conducted in Pennsylvania, diversion of individuals with serious mental illness and non-violent offenses into community-based treatment posed no increased risk to the public and reduced jail time (two significant outcomes). By now you recognize that research designs and methodologies are driven by the nature of the research questions being asked. This difference translates into differences in how the research process is approached in evaluation compared to intervention science. %���� how evaluation and intervention research compare. Here is a sample of the kinds of questions asked in evaluating social work practice at different levels: Evaluation Formats. This type of research activity is called outcome evaluation. Moriarty and Manthorpe undertook a scoping review of the evidence of effectiveness across the broad range of roles encompassed in social work with adults. The gap between two sides or groups is sometimes monumental. Differences between intervention and evaluation research. 124 0 obj <> endobj Throughout the remainder of our course Research and Statistics for Understanding Social Work Interventionwe examine methods for evaluating intervention efforts. stream 4 0 obj The background for this work is described in an article explaining that third hand smoke is the residue remaining on skin, clothing, hair, upholstery, carpeting, and other surfaces; it differs from first- or second-hand smoke exposure because the individuals are not exposed by smoking themselves or breathing the smoke someone else produces.

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