His principal spouse was Empress Xiaodingjing, while his two consorts were Consort Jin and Consort Zhen. After the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, historian Fan Wenlan (范文瀾) called the Guangxu Emperor "a Manchu noble who could accept Western ideas". After January 29, 1898, Kang was granted a special right to have direct access to Emperor Guangxu for closer consultation on the reform.
He was adopted by Empress Dowager Cixi as a son.
His reign lasted from 1875 to 1908, but in practice he ruled, under Empress Dowager Cixi's influence, only from 1889 to 1898. In appearance he is very slender, with regular features and facial expression 'almost effeminate in its refinement and a smile of remarkable sweetness. Date accessed: October 31, 2020 Anti-Qing groups also continued agitating against the Manchu dynasty, even calling for the creation of a republic. Like his predecessor, the Tongzhi Emperor, the Guangxu Emperor died without issue. , In 1881, when the Guangxu Emperor was nine, Empress Dowager Ci'an died unexpectedly, leaving Empress Dowager Cixi as sole regent for the boy. His principal spouse was Empress Xiaodingjing, while his two consorts were Consort Jin and Consort Zhen. Beginning in 1876, the Guangxu Emperor was taught by Weng Tonghe, who had also been involved in the disastrous upbringing of the Tongzhi Emperor, yet, somehow managed to be exonerated of all charges. The Liao tung peninsula practically belongs to the Russians, and Formosa has been given over to the Japanese. URL: https://alphahistory.com/chineserevolution/guangxu-emperor/ His principal spouse was Empress Xiaodingjing, while his two consorts were Consort Jin and Consort Zhen.The emperor was forced by Empress Dowager Cixi to marry her niece (his cousin) Jingfen, who was two years his senior. Guangxu was placed under house arrest and Kang Youwei fled to Japan. Weng and other courtiers acquired many of these for him and brought them to the emperor in Forbidden City. A Mosaic of the Hundred Days: Personalities, Politics and Ideas of 1898 (Harvard University Press, 1984), pg. Because of these developments, in the spring of 1898 the emperor began issuing decrees that intended to create sweeping changes in Chinese society towards Westernisation.
The Guangxu Emperor and the premier both agreed to reject the demands, which was done in April 1915, and took the further measure of leaking the full details of the demands to the Chinese public and the European and Anglo-American powers, hoping they would find their interests in China threatened and would intervene against Japan. At no point was this domination more evident than in 1898, when Cixi short-circuited the emperor’s reformist decrees, placed him under house arrest and drove off his supporters. The previous emperor did not have a successor, so the nephew of Empress Dowager Cixi – Zaitian was appointed to the throne. After learning the painful lessons, Emperor Guangxu began to think over the renovation to adjust the court order and prevent the entire state from declining.In 1898, along with a group of reform advocators, he promulgated the prescript called Ding Guo Shi Zhao to commence the renovation. Tensions with the Qing government had been increasing since the New Policies were implemented, which were seen by Mongolian society as a threat to their way of life, and the Emperor took this opportunity to restore Chinese sovereignty in Mongolia. ANTIQUE CHINESE QING PAPERWEIGHT CLOISONNE DRAGON GILT BRONZE GUANGXU 1875-1908.