And what’s the big deal on saving space in journalism? For example: "She likes chocolate, vanilla, strawberry and pistachio ice cream." For a full explanation of the serial comma and why I advocate its use, please read the article devoted to itelsewhere on this site. I like to pet kittens, puppies and bunnies. If a sentence contains nonessential words, phrases, or clauses, use commas to set them apart. However, there are a couple of general rules we follow. Back the truck up. These nonessential sections often begin with words such as who or which. The court agreed: if the state wanted “distribution” to be its own item in the list, they should have used a damn comma. When creating a list of three or more simple words, items, or concepts, use a comma to separate each word or word group. My dog is obedient, affectionate, and energetic. Well, forget proper. or or, though the result would be rather clumsy: Observe that you can connect three or more complete sentences with listing Remember that any type of word can considered an item on a list. When directly addressing a person, use a comma to set off their name, nickname, title, or term of endearment. The final comma before the "and" is called the serial comma. an addition to it. Here's a reminder. The sentence is correct with or without the comma before and. A comma is required after the final word of the first clause, before and (or whatever conjunction you’re using). Using Commas and Periods with Parentheses. The dog chased the cat. Associated Press style is used in newspapers and some online content. sometimes for or. This brief guide will shed light on the age-old question of whether to use a comma before the word and. Direct quotations, such as dialogue, should be preceded by commas. The answer is A. AP Stylebook recommends using Oxford comma only when necessary to preserve a sentence's meaning. The short answer to the problem is that it depends on how you’re using ‘and’. While there’s some degree of flexibility in how commas are used, it’s … This site addresses a number of punctuation issues, including punctuating with quotation marks, using the semicolon and colon, and deciding when to use the Oxford comma.. Krista heads up Marketing and Content Creation here at INK. K5 Learning provides free worksheets, workbooks and an online reading and math program for kindergarten to grade 5 students. One of the biggest controversies in writing in English is the use of a comma before and. or. With two list items, don't use a comma. Whether or not you put a comma before and depends on how you’re using and.There’s no single rule that applies to all situations. Probably the number one thing to standardize is the use of the serial comma. You usually put a comma before and when it’s connecting two independent clauses. Note also that it is not usual in British usage to put a listing comma Since most academic papers will be written in either MLA or APA style, students should use the serial comma. ; Commas should be used before and when joining two independent clauses or when compiling a list. But, actually removing the comma in a list before the word “and” can make sentences extremely unclear, and it has actually led to full-on lawsuits where workers won millions of dollars because their contracts didn’t include the oxford comma, and as such, their overtime payment clause was unclear. Since most academic papers will be written in either MLA or APA style, students should use the serial comma. In the first example, ivory modifies box, but antique modifies With an in-house publication, you should have an in-house style that all writers follow. (An independent clause is one that can stand by itself as a simple sentence.). Here are two examples of how AP might treat the need for a comma before and from the blog AP vs Chicago: Notice how the second version needed the comma before the first and because the second and denoted a pair that was not simply two more items in the series. ). Both the Modern Language Association and the American Psychological Association require it. This page explains when to use commas in lists, has lots of examples, and includes an interactive exercise. Whether it comes before and or elsewhere in a sentence, following basic comma rules can make using this misunderstood punctuation mark a breeze. The Rules with Three List Items When there are three or more list items, things get complicated because there are two conventions. not just wines. Make sure that the sentences you are joining are independent clauses. Like APA style, Chicago is focused on scientific writing and precision, so it leaves little up to the writer’s discretion. same thing. 2. A lot of people have strong feelings about putting a comma before and in a list. Two major styles differ on the use of the serial comma: AP (Associated Press) and APA (American Psychological Association). The listing comma is used as a kind of substitute for the word and, or sometimes for or.It occurs in two slightly different circumstances. Learn More about K5's online learning program. So an extra comma was a lot more extra work than a keystroke. It occurs in two slightly different circumstances. (Note: This is the cruelty-free version of AP’s classic “ham and eggs” example. When used in a list, and and or never take a comma when the list has two items; when it has more, it is generally a good idea to use the comma. In a nutshell, we use commas to: Whew! In that case, you would not place a comma before the "and" that joins the final two items. Certain style guides, such as the AP Stylebook, don’t advocate using this serial comma unless it’s absolutely necessary for preserving a sentence’s meaning. In general terms, a comma falls under the category of a punctuation mark. Fuck that law right in its festering asshole. You can separate adjectives with a comma only when the adjectives’ order is interchangeable. Jennifer Zimmerman is a former preschool and elementary teacher who has been writing professionally since 2007. The final comma before the "and" is called the serial comma. (Without the conjunction, two independent clauses typically form a run-on sentence). First, let’s look at lists. 2. Example: I would like to order a salad, a sandwich, and dessert. He has over 30 years of professional writing and editing experience. Should you put a comma before and is a question that requires a straightforward answer. In section 4.03 of APA 6, the serial comma is clearly required: “between elements (including before and and or) in a series of three or more items.” In fact, APA even requires the serial comma to be included in in-text references: (Smith, Smith, & Jones, 2016). In American English usage, many writers and editors feel that a comma should precede and with three or more items in a series. The short answer to that question is: it depends how you’re using and. This punctuation sits immediately after the list’s next-to-last item, just before the and or the or. so would make your meaning clearer: Here the comma before and shows clearly that Gilbert and Sullivan worked In the second example, Australian In the example above, the serial comma is the one that separates birds from the and. There’s a long-running debate over whether it’s proper to include that last comma in a list. Commas can be confusing. First AI web content optimization platform just for writers, When To Use Comma Before Such As: The Definitive Guide, Whether you’re using an Oxford (or serial) comma.
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