, The Republic of Central Lithuania was a short-lived political entity, which was the last attempt to restore Lithuania in the historical confederacy state (it was also supposed to create Lithuania Upper and Lithuania Lower). ", "Foreign Secretary expresses UK concern following Belarus elections", "The official Internet portal of the President of the Republic of Belarus. Beltelecom is the only operator licensed to provide commercial VoIP services in Belarus. Overall, 48.3% of the population is Orthodox Christian, 41.1% is not religious, 7.1% is Catholic and 3.3% follows other religions. Trade disputes, a border dispute, and a much relaxed official attitude to dissident voices are all part of a weakening of the longtime warm relationship with Russia. , Neither the pro-Lukashenko parties, such as the Belarusian Socialist Sporting Party and the Republican Party of Labour and Justice, nor the People's Coalition 5 Plus opposition parties, such as the Belarusian People's Front and the United Civil Party of Belarus, won any seats in the 2004 elections. The currency was introduced in May 1992 to replace the Soviet ruble and it has undergone redenomination twice since then. Invaders from Asia, among whom were the Huns and Avars, swept through c. 400–600 AD, but were unable to dislodge the Slavic presence. of your passport, How you got the information you want to share with CIA, How to contact you, including your home address and phone number. We reply first to messages of greater interest encrypted, except for our Electronic Reading Room, to assure visitor  Roman Catholicism is practiced mostly in the western regions, and there are also different denominations of Protestantism. He spent the World War I years in Soviet Belarus, becoming one of the country's most distinguished artists and a member of the modernist avant-garde and was a founder of the Vitebsk Arts College.  The German Generalplan Ost called for the extermination, expulsion, or enslavement of most or all Belarusians for the purpose of providing more living space in the East for Germans. Treaties in 1995 and 1996 demarcated Belarus's borders with Latvia and Lithuania, and Belarus ratified a 1997 treaty establishing the Belarus-Ukraine border in 2009. confidentiality. U.S. official.  President Lukashenko has stated that Orthodox and Catholic believers are the "two main confessions in our country". the Web site.  Many early Rus' principalities were virtually razed or severely affected by a major Mongol invasion in the 13th century, but the lands of modern Belarus avoided the brunt of the invasion and eventually joined the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.  Belarus first began to cooperate with NATO upon signing documents to participate in their Partnership for Peace Program in 1995. , In May 2020 it was reported that the country had one of Europe's highest per capita infection rates in the COVID-19 pandemic. Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. We go to great lengths to keep these channels secure, but any communication via the internet poses some risk.  The population of Belarus did not regain its pre-war level until 1971.  Belarus applied to become a member of the World Trade Organization in 1993.  Belarus has an average annual rainfall of 550 to 700 mm (21.7 to 27.6 in). Our mission. With the support of the Communist Party, the country's name was changed to the Republic of Belarus on 25 August 1991. best method depends on your personal situation. The unemployment rate has been in decline since 2003, and the overall rate of employment is the highest since statistics were first compiled in 1995. Learn more about Career Opportunities at CIA. Mail: Inside the U.S., send mail to the following address: Central Intelligence Agency "CIA World Factbook (2007) – Belarus – People", "International Programs: International Data Base", "Population classified by knowledge of the Belarusian and Russian languages by region and Minsk City", "Religion and denominations in the Republic of Belarus", "Belarusian Religion statistics, definitions and sources", "Belarus, Roman Catholic Church may ink cooperation agreement", "The Slavianski Bazaar in Vitebsk amazes with its artistic atmosphere, popular artistes, hundreds of events and thousands of reasons to enjoy", "Belarus entry to the 2004 Eurovision Song Contest", "Шагал в Беларуси: игнорируемый, забытый и снова открытый", Cultures Profile Project – Eating the Belarusian Way, "Queen Victoria takes the throne determined to court further success", "Belarus: Life as normal despite ravaging coronavirus epidemic", "Victory parade defies pandemic and upstages Putin", "The European Union and Belarus: Democracy Promotion by Technocratic Means?
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